York Science & Innovation Grand Tour May - Sept 2012

Sponsored by Aviva

06 Coney Street

Did you know?

York-based Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine supports thousands of medical physicists, clinical engineers and technologists working with medical imaging scanners like this one.

Over 3.5 million Computed Tomography (CT) scans are carried out in the UK every year to diagnose conditions like bone fractures, brain injuries and cancer. IPEM sets and monitors standards to ensure these are carried out safely and appropriately, as well as promoting research and public education in this field.

What is a CT Scanner?
The first Computed Tomography (CT) Scan was taken 40 years ago and revolutionised modern diagnostic medicine techniques. Rather than just taking a single X-ray image the scanners take a large series of X-ray images from 100s of different angles around the patient’s body. These images are reconstructed by a computer programme to generate a comprehensive 3D image of the inside of an object or body.
It was designed and built by British medical engineer Sir Godfrey Hounsfield who received a joint Nobel Prize for his invention in 1979. Medical Engineers and Physicists have since worked on improving this imaging technique and developing new ones.

What is CT scanning used for?
CT scans are an excellent diagnostic tool especially for areas such as:
• Colon and abdomen (e.g. to diagnose cancers)
• Arteries and lungs (e.g. to identify pulmonary embolisms)
• Heart (e.g. to diagnose heart infarcts)
• Brain (e.g to identify haemorrhages)
• Bone trauma and fractures
• Archaeology (e.g. for scanning mummies) Abdominal CT Scan

What is IPEM?
Our aim is to promote the advancement of physics and engineering applied to medicine and biology for the public benefit. Our members are engineers, technologists and physical scientists working in healthcare, academia and industry. Many of them work with diagnostic imaging and maintain and develop CT scanners and other imaging technology like Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scanners.
Others work in radiotherapy cancer treatment, radiation protection, clinical and rehabilitation engineering and other areas of clinical science. If you want to find out more please see our website www.ipem.ac.uk

How is it done?
If you want to see how a CT scan is performed and what imaging results are obtained from a scan click here to watch a video of the procedure

Reproduction in any form of any of the images on this website is strictly prohibited.


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